**Vegam Vegam Malayalam **

**Lesson #2**

So, you've arrived in Kerala. If you're coming by plane (which would be most
likely), you would end up in the airports of Kozhikode (Calicut), Kochi (Cochin),
or Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), since those are, of course, the * only*
airports in all of Kerala! But remember, the airport employees

Most likely, however, you would have to travel some
distance from the airport in order to get to whatever is your destination in
Kerala. Therefore, unless somebody's picking you up, you'd obviously need some
kind of transportation...*hmm...*
The most common mode of transportation--that is, if you're trying to travel
inside the city, of course--is the **autorickshaw**.

(You can find a really good picture of an autorickshaw at http://www.cs.berkeley.edu/~karthik/pics/2004-06-1-Kerala/web/html/dscf0031.html.)

Known by many Indians as the "auto" for short, this motorized pedicab is basically like a very cheap and reasonably convenient taxi powered by the driver's feet. However, be aware that:

1. the middle of your seat is probably the safest place to sit, and

2. you must always grab on to the handle just in front of your seat, because otherwise you'll fall off if the autorickshaw moves too fast. And believe me, people in India drive very, very fast, though with remarkable skill!

Of course, in an autorickshaw, as with any public transportation, you'll have to pay for the ride (and the drivers usually don't speak that much English), so it's a pretty good idea to learn some numbers first!

**Numbers**

First, for the sake of the curious who want to know how to say that number apparently invented by Indians (or just need it to be able to say their phone number in Malayalam!), this is how you say "zero" in Malayalam:

*0. puujyam*
Éâ¼c¢ __Listen!__

Secondly, if you want to say "a/an," or "one" before a
noun, NEVER use "*onnu*!" Always use the word ²øá
/oru/. __Listen!__ And now
for all of the numbers:

**1-10**

*1. onn *
²Kí __Listen!__

*2. raNT
*øIí
__Listen!__

*3. muunn
*ÎâKí __Listen!__

*4. naal(u) *
ÈÞÜí __Listen!__

*5. anjch
*¥Fí
__Listen!__

*6. aarr(u) *
¦ùí __Listen!__

*7. Ezh(u) *
¯Ýí __Listen!__

*8. eTT *
®Gí __Listen!__

*9. ombath *
²XÉÄí __Listen!__

*10. pathth *
ÉJí __Listen!__

Wow, that must've been **quite**
a lot of numbers...and, if you're not
Indian, it shouldn't be surprising about how ** difficult**
they must be to remember! But here are some helpful
tips for remembering the Malayalam numbers you just learned:

1. *onn* and *eTT* (one and eight) sound
similar to their equivalents in English, and

2. *ombath(u)* literally means "one before
ten," just like the Romans would write "IX" for nine and
"X" for ten!

Have you memorized those numbers? Well, if you have,
then you can go on to the numbers **11-20**!
Actually, these numbers follow a rather regular pattern, i.e.:

If second digit begins with a **consonant**
(e.g. *muunn*): *pathi-* + second digit (e.g. *pathi- + muunnu =*
*pathimuunnu* (13))

If second digit begins with a **vowel**
(e.g. *onnu*): *pathin-* + second digit (e.g. *pathi- + onnu =
pathinonnu* (11))

The **only exceptions** to this rule among the
numbers 11-20 are 12, 19, and, well, 20!

Just to make sure you understand (and so that you can
learn the numbers 12 and 20), I'll put down * all*
numbers 11-20!

**11-20**

*11. pathinonn
*ÉÄßæÈÞKí __Listen!__

*12. panthraNT
*ÉdLIí __Listen!__

*13. pathimuunn*
ÉÄßÎâKí __Listen!__

*14. pathinaal(u)*
ÉÄßÈÞÜí __Listen!__

*15. pathinanjch*
ÉÄßÈFí __Listen!__

*16. pathinaarr(u)*
ÉÄßÈÞùí __Listen!__

*17. pathinEzh(u)*
ÉÄßçÈÝí __Listen!__

*18. pathineTT*
ÉÄßæÈGí __Listen!__

*19. paththombath(u)*
ÉæJÞXÉÄí __Listen!__

*20. irupath*
§øáÉÄí __Listen!__

*Irupath* literally means "2 x 10," because that is exactly
what it is!

The numbers 21-30 are a little more * logical*
than 11-20, with

**21-30**

*21. irupaththonn
*§øáÉæJÞKí
__Listen!__

OR

*21. irupaththiyonn*
§øáÉJßæÏÞKí __Listen!__

*22. irupaththiraNT*
§øáÉJßøIí
__Listen!__

*23. irupaththimuunn*
§øáÉJßÎâKí
__Listen!
__

*24. irupaththinaal(u)*
§øáÉJßÈÞÜí
__Listen!__

*25. irupaththanjch*
§øáÉJFí
__Listen!__

*26. irupaththaarr(u)*
§øáÉJÞùí
__Listen!__

*27. irupaththEzh(u)*
§øáÉçJÝí __Listen!__

*28. irupaththeTT*
§øáÉæJGí __Listen!__

*29. irupaththombath*
§øáÉæJÞXÉÄí __Listen!__

*30. muppath*
ÎáMÄí __Listen!__

So, this is the rule for all numbers 21-29:

**Attach the stem irupathth(i)- to your number (irupaththi- if
the next digit begins with a consonant), but for 21, you can use a stem irupaththiy-.**

**This same rule applies**, more or less, with **all numbers 31-89** as well, *except
for *(of course)* the multiples of ten!*

Therefore, the numbers 31-39 also work like this:

*31. muppaththonn
*ÎáMæJÞKí
__Listen!__

or *muppaththiyonn*
ÎáMJßæÏÞKí __Listen!__

*32. muppaththiraNT*
ÎáMJßøIí __Listen!__

*...*

I think you get the idea, so now I'll just write down the other multiples of
ten. The numbers for 40 and 50 follow a regular pattern (*naal(u) + pathth,
anjch + pathth*):

*40. naalpath
*ÈÞWÉÄí __Listen!__

*50. anpath*
¥XÉÄí __Listen!__

60, 70, and 80 are a little different:

*60. arrupath*
¥ùáÉÄí __Listen!__

*70. ezhupath*
®ÝáÉÄí __Listen!__

*80. eNpath*
®YÉÄí __Listen!__

But then what about 90? Well, 90 doesn't even end with "*-pathu*"
(like 20, 30...80), because the word for "ninety" literally means
something like "one (ten) before a hundred" (just like
"nine" is "one before ten"):

*90. thoNNuurr(u)*
æÄÞHâùí __Listen!__

And then, for numbers 91-99, the word "*thoNNuurru*" is
changed to a stem "*thoNNuuti(y)-*" (æÄÞHâxß-)
and followed by the next digit. (*thoNNuuti-* before digits beginning with
consonants, *thoNNuutiy-* before digits beginning with vowels. That sound * pretty
*logical to me!) Therefore,

*thoNNuuti(y)* + (name of second digit) = 90 + (second digit)

So, the numbers 91-99 are like this:

*91. thoNNuutiyonn*
æÄÞHâxßæÏÞKí __Listen!__

*92. thoNNuutiraNT*
æÄÞHâxßøIí
__Listen!__

*...*

Wow! That was a LOT of numbers!!! Did you actually get
through **all of those??!?!?!?!?!****FANTASTIC!!!**

How about testing yourself once you're ready? (Don't
tell me you expected * me*
to give you the test! What would I write? "Say all the numbers 0-99 in
Malayalam!" ? "Forwards AND backwards!" ?)